However, NAFTA may not have been the source of these measures. President Donald Trump`s USMCA should dispel these concerns. The White House estimates that the USMCA will create 600,000 jobs and add $235 billion to the economy. Other ancillary agreements have been adopted to allay fears about the potential impact of the Treaty on the labour market and the environment. Critics feared that, in general, low wages in Mexico would attract U.S. and Canadian companies, leading to a relocation of production to Mexico and a rapid decline in manufacturing jobs in the United States and Canada. Meanwhile, environmentalists were worried about the potentially disastrous effects of rapid industrialization in Mexico, which has no experience in implementing and enforcing environmental legislation. Potential environmental issues were addressed in the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), which established the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) in 1994. To save nafta and synchronize it with the current trade environment, the United States, Mexico and Canada began negotiations last August to revise the 24-year-old agreement. Canada ratified the agreement in March and the USMCA entered into force on July 1, 2020. Although NAFTA is officially dead, governments and businesses are still adapting to the new rules, especially the new labor rules. The coronavirus could also complicate implementation, as manufacturers will adapt to new guidelines in the midst of a global economic crisis.
Fourth, nafta has defined procedures for the settlement of trade disputes. The parties would engage in a formal discussion, followed by a discussion at a meeting of the Free Trade Committee if necessary. If the disagreement has not been resolved, a body has verified the dispute. The trial helped all parties avoid costly lawsuits in local courts and helped them interpret the complex rules and procedures of NAFTA. This protection against commercial disputes also applied to investors. Under Article 2205 of NAFTA, either party to the agreement may withdraw six months after written notification. . . .