On December 10, 2019, a revised USMCA agreement was concluded by the three countries. On January 29, 2020, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs Chrystia Freeland introduced the USMCA C-4 Implementation Act in the House of Commons and passed first reading without a recorded vote. On February 6, the bill was passed in the House of Commons by a vote of 275 to 28 at second reading, with the Bloc Québécois voting against and all other parties, and was referred to the Standing Committee on International Trade.    On February 27, 2020, the committee voted to refer the bill back to the plenary for third reading, without amendment. MEXICO CITY/WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Senior officials from Canada, Mexico and the United States on Tuesday signed a new revision to a quarter-century-old trade pact that aims to improve enforcement of workers` rights and keep the price of biologics low by removing a patent provision. More of the same? “NAFTA lite”: trade agreement between Trump and the Democrats resembles the president of the Pact, who is ridiculed as the “worst of all time” On June 19, 2019, the Mexican Senate ratified the agreement (114 yes, 3 no, 3 abstentions).  Mexico`s ratification procedure will be completed when the President announces ratification in the Federal Register. During the 2016 US presidential election, Donald Trump`s campaign included a promise to renegotiate or cancel NAFTA if the renegotiations failed.  After his election, Trump made a number of changes that affect trade relations with other countries. The withdrawal from the Paris Agreement, the cessation of participation in the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations and the significant increase in tariffs with China were some of the measures he implemented and reaffirmed that he was serious in seeking changes to NAFTA.  Much of the debate about the virtues and mistakes of the USMCA is similar to the debate about all free trade agreements (SAAs), for example the nature of free trade agreements as public goods, potential violations of national sovereignty, and the role of commercial, labor, environmental, and consumer interests in shaping the language of trade agreements. The provisions of the agreement cover a wide range of agricultural products, homelessness, manufactured goods, working conditions, digital trade and others.
Among the most important aspects of the agreement are better access for U.S. dairy farmers to the Canadian market, guidelines for a greater proportion of automobiles produced in the three countries instead of being imported from other countries, and the maintenance of the dispute settlement system, similar to that contained in NAFTA.   Regardless of this, House spokesman Paul Ryan set May 11, 2018, May 17 as the deadline for congressional action. This deadline was not met and the agreement with Mexico was only concluded on 27 August 2018.  At that time, Canada had not yet approved the submitted agreement. Given that the outgoing President of Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto, left office on 1 December 2018 and that 60 days of revision are required, the deadline for the submission of the agreed text was 30 September 2018. . . .