An analysis conducted by the Peterson Institute for International Economics found that in January 2018, before the trade war began, China imposed uniform tariffs of 8% on average on all its importers. By June 2019, tariffs on U.S. imports had risen to 20.7 percent, while tariffs on other countries had fallen to 6.7 percent.  The analysis also found that average U.S. tariffs on Chinese goods increased from 3.1% in 2017 to 24.3% in August 2019.  An August 2019 Harvard CAPS/Harris poll found that 67 percent of registered voters wanted the U.S. to confront Beijing over its trade policies, even though 74 percent said U.S. consumers bore most of the burden of tariffs. Mark Penn, co-director of the HARVARD CAPS/Harris poll, said the poll showed strong U.S. public support for Trump`s trade policy against China, saying, “You recognize that tariffs can have a negative impact on jobs and prices, but they believe the fight here is the right one.”  Regarding the energy purchases in the deal, Trump told Senator Joni Ernst, the Iowa Republican who was present, “You have ethanol, so you can`t complain.” The U.S.
government has announced that it will suspend or terminate three bilateral agreements with Hong Kong, including the surrender of fugitive offenders, the transfer of convicted persons, and reciprocal tax exemptions on income from the international operation of ships. In the six months since the agreement was signed, China`s prospects of meeting its procurement targets have deteriorated significantly. According to Bloomberg calculations based on data from China`s customs administration, China had bought only 23 percent of the total purchase target for the year in the first half of 2020. While some of this is due to disruptions to trade flows caused by COVID-19, much of the gap is due to the unenforceability of the agreement from the outset. In the first phase, as Brad W. Setser and Dylan Yalbir described to the Council on Foreign Relations, China pledged to buy about $60 billion more in U.S. goods than in 2017, or about $180 billion this year. Nevertheless, U.S.
goods exports to China are currently well below those of 2017. Meanwhile, President Trump has sought to develop a harmonious and positive relationship with China — and Xi Jinping in particular — and said his efforts are aimed at advancing trade negotiations. Trump has publicly praised Xi`s strength and leadership, while avoiding points of acute bilateral friction in private engagements. Instead, Trump reportedly used his private exchanges with Xi to pressure him to implement his personal priorities, most of which have stood together with trade talks and for some time with North Korea. Despite a recent report from the Trump administration suggesting otherwise, U.S. agricultural exports to China have yet to meet phase one commitments.7 Although better than manufacturing, it took until September for agricultural exports to return to pre-trade war levels (Figure 3). In September, they were only at 66% of their seasonally adjusted targets. In other words, China must import 62% of its total agricultural exposure in October, November and December if it is to meet the 2020 target.
Since the 1980s, President Trump has often advocated tariffs to reduce the United States. The trade deficit and the promotion of domestic production said the country was being “ripped off” by its trading partners and that the imposition of tariffs was an important part of his presidential campaign.      In early 2011, he said that because China had manipulated its currency, “it is almost impossible for our companies to compete with Chinese companies.”  At that time Alan Tonelson of the United States.